Nationalism in Context: the case of Greece


Few years ago some scholars moved quickly to proclaim the end of the ‘age of nationalism’, under the assumption that concepts such as religion and culture would predominate in international politics in the 21st century.

However, a glance around the world and one may surmise that there really has been no end to nationalism. In emerging economies, nationalism, remains extremely prevalent while we observe the emergence of new forms of nationalism, fused with religion, in Jihadist organizations.

What is more, in some member states of the European Union, a continent stricken by the destructive effects of two world wars, nationalist ideologies have resurged becoming entangled with extreme conceptions of the ‘nation’, some even bordering on fascism.

But nationalism is a complex phenomenon that needs to be examined both as an overarching concept as well as a within specific contexts.

In this edition of the “Resources for Democracy” podcast we speak to Daphne Halikiopoulou, Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the University of Reading who discusses the different variations of nationalism, with a strong focus on Greece.

Supplementary Resources

Right-Wing Extremism in Europe: Country Analyses, Counter Strategies and Labor-Market Oriented Exit Strategies

Nationalism and international relations

Populism, Euro-Scepticism and Nationalism in Europe: Rising Tides? (vid)

Rising Influence of Right Wing Groups in Europe – What’s Behind this? (vid)

The Rise of ‘Golden Dawn’ in Greece – Mini-documentary by ‘The Guardian’ (English subtitles) (vid)

The rise of the Golden Dawn and extremism in Greece can be seen as part of a broader phenomenon of a culture of intolerance, which is maintained and perpetuated through the Greek education system.

Understanding the electoral breakthrough of Golden Dawn in Greece. A demand and supply perspective

Golden Dawn and its appeal to Greek youth

 The Rise of Golden Dawn: The New Face of the Far Right in Greece

National populism and xenophobia in Greece

Reclaiming Xenophobia: The Rise of Ultra-Nationalism in Greece


Democratic crisis: how do we stem the remorseless rise of nationalists and populists?